1. What is the greatest benefit of being physically fit?
- A. absence of disease
- B. a higher quality of life
- C. improved sports performance
- D. better personal appearance
- E. maintenance of ideal body weight.
2. Unhealthy fats include
- A. unsaturated fatty acids
- B. monounsaturated fatty acids
- C. polyunsaturated fatty acids
- D. saturated fats
- E. alpha-linolenic acid
3. A daily expenditure of 300 calories through physical activity is the equivalent of approximately _______________ pounds of fat per year.
- A. 12
- B. 15
- C. 22
- D. 27
- E. 31
4. Each additional pound of muscle tissue increases resting metabolism by
- A. 10 calories.
- B. 17 calories.
- C. 23 calories.
- D. 35 calories.
- E. 50 calories.
5. Drinking about a cup of cool water every __________ minutes seems to be ideal to prevent dehydration during exercise in the heat.
- A. 5
- B. 15 to 20
- C. 30
- D. 30 to 45
- E. 60
1. B. There are many benefits of living an active lifestyle, but the greatest benefit is that physically fit individuals enjoy a better quality of life. These people live life to the fullest, with fewer health problems than inactive individuals (who may also indulge in other negative lifestyle behaviors).
2. D. The human body uses fats as a source of energy and helps to protect and cushion organs, but a diet high in saturated fat and cholesterol increases the risk for heart disease. Foods high in saturated fats are meats, animal fat, whole milk, cream, butter, cheese, ice cream, and hydrogenated oils.
3. E. 300 (calories per day) x 365 (days in a year) / 3500 (calories in a pound of fat) = 31
4. D. Your resting metabolism is the amount of energy an individual requires during resting conditions to sustain proper body function. Muscle tissue uses energy even at rest. Even small increases in muscle mass may improve resting metabolism. Each additional pound of muscle tissue increases resting metabolism by 35 calories per day.
5. B. The main objective of fluid replacement during prolonged aerobic exercise is to maintain the blood volume so circulation and sweating can continue at normal levels. So, drinking about 6 to 8 ounces of cool water every 15 to 20 minutes during exercise seems to be ideal to prevent dehydration.
*These questions came from the Lifetime Physical Fitness and Wellness: A Personalized Program by Werner W.K. Hoeger and Sharon A. Hoeger. This was my favorite textbook when I taught PE classes at a local community college. See most current edition on Amazon here.
So, how did you do? Did you learn something new?